Jewel Changi Airport | Security Case Study

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Jewel Changi Airport | Security Case Study

Securing the Jewel Changi Airport

HSBC Rain Vortex 40ft waterfall inside the Jewel complex Changi Airport, Singapore
The HSBC Rain Vortex is a 40ft waterfall inside the Jewel complex.

For anyone who has seen the Jewel Changi Airport, they will instantly recognise it as a miracle of modern design, from its luscious indoor gardens to the incredible 40ft indoor waterfall.

Plans for the Jewel were first announced in 2013 as part of Changi Airport’s plans to double its capacity over the next 10+ years.

Originally born from a need to expand Terminal 1 at Changi Airport, the Jewel instead took on a life of its own, becoming the man-made paradise it is today.

In 2016, we were brought on to the project to provide and install the hostile vehicle mitigation solutions for Jewel complex.

We had previously supplied HVM products for the other terminal projects at Changi Airport.

The Jewel saw its grand opening in April 2019, unveiling the nature-themed entertainment and shopping complex to the world.

The Jewel Project Background

Having won awards for its architecture, the Jewel spans 1.46 million square feet and ten storeys, with the cost of building the complex coming in at S$1.7Billion.

For such a high-profile project only the highest quality perimeter protection solutions would be suitable.

One of the reasons that ATG Access was brought on onboard is its long history of providing physical security for some of the biggest airports around the world.

Over the years we have helped protect such prestigious sites as Los Angeles Airport (LAX) and Hamad International Airport, as well as countless more throughout the UK.

We had also previously worked with Changi Airport in providing HVM solutions for the three terminals that connect to the Jewel.

This combined with our experience working on large scale security schemes meant we were well positioned to meet Jewel’s unique security requirements.

Protecting Critical Infrastructure in Singapore

In Singapore security is taken very seriously, which is understandable for a country that has a high terror threat level.

In 2017, the Singapore government brought in the Infrastructure Protection Act, requiring sites deemed ‘critical national infrastructure’ to be made more secure with measures to protect the perimeter, access points and technology infrastructure.

Even prior to this the country’s commitment to security was obvious, with Changi Airport being a prime example where passenger safety has been at the forefront of the terminal projects over the last eight years.

Over the last ten years, ATG has built its reputation as a trusted security supplier in the region. Our history in Singapore and our ability to manufacture in-country has made us the ideal partner for prestigious projects like the Jewel.

The Jewel Changi Airport Project Challenges

With any large airport project, the main challenge is ensuring minimal disruption to a site that is open 24/7 and sees footfall from thousands of passengers each day. In order to reduce any potential interruption to services, it is integral that the work is done as quickly and discreetly as possible.

The Jewel project was no different and that is why we proposed our innovative shallow mount technology, in order to provide a robust security solution that could be installed with as little disturbance as possible.

Shallow mount bollards are an ideal solution for sites where installing full depth fixed bollards is just not feasible. In addition, shallow mounts have a number of other benefits over fixed variants.

Choosing Shallow Mounts

Row of ATG Access shallow mount bollards outside the Jewel Changi Airport, Singapore
A row of ATG shallow mount bollards.

Due to their unique design, our shallow mount bollards do not require reinforcing bars, as they are instead fixed to steel plates. As well as requiring fewer groundworks, this substantially saves on time and disruption to the site, with it taking only 1-2 hours to install each bollard.

This means that a row of around 36 shallow foundation bollards (roughly 50 meters of perimeter protection) can be installed in a single night, further minimising any disruption to the site. In fact, this is the approach we took when installing shallow mount bollards at the Anne Frank Museum.

Shallow mounts are also a more environmentally friendly or ‘greener’ solution requiring a much smaller amount of concrete, less than 25% of the concrete used for traditional depth bollards. This single building material can have a significant impact on the environment, with concrete responsible for 2% of the carbon dioxide emissions in the UK.

For the Jewel project, we installed over 1,000 crash test rated SP400 Shallow Mount Bollards and SP400 Removable Bollards. Chosen from our wide range of shallow foundation products, the SP400 bollards in question required a foundation depth of just 172mm.

Most removable bollards are usually offered as an engineered solution with their performance based off of the shallow mount or traditional depth bollard variants. This means that the bollards have not been crash tested as a standalone HVM solution. Most projects will only require a few removable bollards at key locations to allow for occasional access for vehicles.

In the case of the Jewel project however far more removable bollards were required, meaning that it was important that the bollards were crash test certified in order to guarantee that the site is protected against potential vehicle attacks. In order to meet our client’s needs, we worked closely with our partner in Singapore to test and certify the removable bollard proposed for the Jewel Changi Airport project.

The SP400 Removable Bollard was impact tested in the UK to the PAS 68 standard at an independent testing facility. The SP400 was tested using a 7,500kg vehicle travelling at 48kph (30mph), with the bollard stopping the truck with 0m penetration. With this, the SP400 became one of the first impact tested removable bollards in perimeter protection. We have since also tested an SP400 Removable Bollard within a suspended slab, making it the only bollard of its kind.

Security Aesthetics

With a site as iconic and architecturally distinct as the Jewel, aesthetics is of the utmost importance. This extends to the appearance of physical security products. In order to ensure that our security solutions meet our client’s needs, we can tailor the design of the sleeves to any specification in order to blend into the environment.

We are firm believers that security doesn’t need to be ugly and have developed several creative bespoke sleeves for various sites over the years. In the case of the Jewel Changi Airport, the bollards we supplied for the project were given sleek stainless-steel sleeves to match the modern design of the building.

With extensive perimeter security measures in place, the millions passing through Changi Airport can feel safe attending Singapore’s newest and perhaps most remarkable attraction.

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Row of ATG Access shallow mount bollards outside the entrance to the Jewel Changi Airport, Singapore
ATG shallow mounts protecting the entrance to the Jewel.